The fibre polypropylene is the first choice for Wilton rug manufacturers today; the main reason for this is it primarily due to its lower cost to purchase and ease of manufacturing it from the raw fibre to the finished rug.
Wilton Rugs are available in a wide range of sizes, designs and colours and are usually manufactured in one of four textures, they are either: short pile (velvet or twisted texture), flat woven, looped piles or longer and deeper shaggy pile rugs. The choice of how to manufacture and the type of polypropylene used in the rug is an important one as the different methods all vary drastically in terms of how much they cost. Polypropylene fibres also come in two main types BCF (Bulked Continuous Filament) and Heat Set, while the overall benefits are similar to both manufacturer and end user of the two the Heat Set is the softer to touch and is more expensive. Benefits to using polypropylene for Wilton Rugs:
- Excellent chemical resistance (for example from mildew, insects, perspiration, rot, weather etc).
- Low price.
- Easy to process.
- Fade resistant
- Good bulk and cover.
- Very lightweight.
- High Strength
- Abrasion resistant
- Low moisture absorption
- Stain and soil resistant
- Easily washed and quick drying.
Therefore using polypropylene allows manufactures to be more flexible. Polypropylene allows for experimentation with the manufacturing process as rug makers are able to experiment their manufacturing technique with new textures. Modern Wilton looms can produce using a greater variety of colours meaning they can used to produce complex and detailed designs that replicate Persian and Hand knotted rugs.